Is a religion that originated in the 15th century in the Punjab region in the Northern part of the Indian subcontinent, based on the revelation of the founder of Sikhism, Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji.
The term Sikh has it's origin meaning as disciple, seeker or leaner.
A Sikh, according to Article I of the Sikh Rehat Maryada (the Sikh code of conduct) is "any human being who faithfully believes in One Immortal Being; ten Gurus from Guru Nanak Dev Ji to Guru Gobind Singh Ji to the Guru Granth Sahib Ji; the teachings of the tenth Guru".
Male Sikhs have the surname "Singh" meaning ''Loin'' and female Sikhs have the surname "Kaur" meaning Princess.
Sikhs who have undergone the Khanḍe Ki Pahul (the Sikh initiation ceremony) may also be recognised by the 5 K's:
Kesh - uncut hair which is kept covered, usually by a turban,
Kara - iron or steel bracelet,
Kirpan - a sword tucked into a gatra strap,
Kachehra - a cotton undergarment and
Kanga - a small wooden comb. Initiated male and female Sikhs must cover their hair with a turban.
Ten Guru Ji's
Guru Nanak Dev Ji
Guru Angad Dev Ji
Guru Amar Das Ji
Guru Ram Das Ji
Guru Hargobind Sahib Ji
Guru Har Rai Sahib Ji
Guru Har Krishan Sahib Ji
Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji
Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
The Tenth Guru Ji, Guru Gobind Singh Ji requested that all Sikhs would worship the Sikh Holy Scriptures, Shri Gur Granth Sahib Ji as their Guru Ji as his successor.
Shri Gur Granth Sahib Ji consists of 1,430 Angs and 6,000 Shabads (Line Compositions) which are poetically rendered and set to a rhythmic ancient north Indian classical form of music. The bulk of the scripture is divided into sixty Rāags, with each Granth Rāga subdivided according to length and author. The hymns in the scripture are arranged primarily by the Rāgas in which they are read. The Guru Granth Sahib Ji is written in the Gurmukhī script, in various languages.
The fundamental beliefs of Sikhism, articulated in the sacred scripture Guru Granth Sahib, include faith and meditation on the name of the one creator, divine unity and equality of all humankind, engaging in selfless service, striving for justice for the benefit and prosperity of all, and honest conduct and livelihood while living a householder's life.
In the early 21st century there were nearly 27 million Sikhs worldwide, the great majority of them living in Punjab,